Jesus Christ ate an evening Passover meal with His disciples
and instituted the New Covenant symbols (Matthew 26:26-28). Jesus was
then betrayed by Judas, arrested and during the night brought before the
Jesus died around 3 p.m. (Matthew 27:46-50). This was the
preparation day for the annual, not weekly, Sabbath, which began at sunset
(Mark 15:42; Luke 23:54; John 19:31). Jesus' body was placed in the tomb
just before sunset (Matthew 27:57-60).
This was the high-day Sabbath, the first day of Unleavened
Bread (John 19:31; Leviticus 23:4-7). It is described as the day after
the "Day of Preparation" (Matthew 27:62).
The high-day Sabbath now past, the women bought and prepared
spices for anointing Jesus' body before resting on the weekly Sabbath
day, which began at Friday sunset (Mark 16:1; Luke 23:56).
The women rested on the weekly
Sabbath, according to the Fourth
Commandment (Luke 23:56; Exodus 20:8-11). Jesus rose near sunset,
exactly three days and three nights after burial, fulfilling the sign
of Jonah and authenticating the sign He gave of His messiahship.
The women brought the spices early in the morning while
it was still dark (Luke 24:1; John 20:1), finding that Jesus had already risen
(Matthew 28:1-6; Mark 16:2-6; Luke 24:2-3; John 20:1). He did not rise
on Sunday morning, but near sunset the day before.